General Health Travel Advice: Travelling abroad is exciting, but with so many things to see and do when you get there, the basics of health and safety are often neglected.
Travel kit checklist
Consider the type of travel for Malaria Protection
Travel in rural areas, jungle trips and treks, particularly with outdoor sleeping, increases risk of bites. High altitude may eliminate risk – there is no risk of malaria in Nairobi, Addis Ababa or Machu Picchu because they are so far above sea level.
The risk of malaria varies according to season. Mosquitoes breed in water and thrive after rainy seasons or monsoons.
Mosquitoes bite at dusk (Though African ones bite later than Amazonian ones) and
Travellers should wear white, long sleeves and trousers in the evening to minimise risk. Loose-fitting clothes are more difficult for mosquitoes to bite through.
These will reduce biting. There is some evidence suggesting Eucalyptus Citriodora can be an effective natural alternative.
These are an excellent way of reducing bites, particularly when impregnated with an insecticide, ideally deltamethrin. Nets can be bought from camping shops, travel clinics or online. Travellers should practice putting them up.
These are useful in hotel rooms. A knock down spray will kill insects and a coil or electrical device that vaporises an insecticide will reduce the chances of being bitten.
Chemoprophylaxis – Antimalarials & Compliance